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As approved journal of national research foundation of Korea, it publish three times a year.

[2017, 11-1] Analysis on the Preschool Children’s Problematic Behavior according to the Types of Parenting Attitude of Their Parents 이미지

[2017, 11-1] Analysis on the Preschool Children’s Problematic Behavior according to the Types of Parenting Attitude of Their Parents

  • chief of researchHyeji Kil
  • researchersJeongwon Hwang
  • pages0pages
  • Report No.
  • Reg No.
  • ISBNISSN 1976-6793
  • Date2017.06.30


Since the need for the gender equality grows as the number of women who work increases, this study conducted group classification that considers the parenting attitude of both father and mother using data of 1,099 six-year-old preschool children in the 7th year Panel Study on Korea Children(PSKC). More specifically, this study examined characteristics of each group and investigated the difference of the levels of children’s problematic behaviors according to the types of their parents’ attitudes. The major results of this study are as follows: First, results of cluster analysis that explored the types of parenting attitudes indicated the following four main categories: strict father group (31.8%), neglecting mother group (23.5%), communicating parents group (22.9%), and passive father group (21.7%). The father and mother in Group 1 (strict father group) both formed a close relationship with children while father played the role to discipline the children. In Group 2 (passive father group), father took a very passive stance in forming a close relationship with children while mother controlled and managed children to a certain level. In Group 3 (neglecting mother group), mother showed a very low attitude toward children both in terms of compassion and controlling. Group 4 (communicating parents group) showed relatively low level of controlling while both mother and father showed affection toward children. Second, parenting attitude types demonstrated statistically significant differences not only in the socioeconomic backgrounds such as parents’ education level, working status, and income level, but also in parenting related characteristics such as sharing child care and parenting stress. Finally, childrens’ manifestation of problematic differed with the types of parenting attitudes: level of problematic behavior was higher among the children raised in the neglecting mother group and passive father group, compared to other two groups. These results imply that parents should rear their children with affection, and discipline them when necessary, rather than neglecting their problems during their preschool years in order for the children to adapt well in later school life. Based on these results, education programs for positive parenting attitudes for both father and mother with pre-school children are expected to help the parents pay more attention to their children and guide their children in desirable directions.

Keywords: Panel Study on Korean Children, parenting attitude, parenting characteristics, children’s problematic behavior, cluster analysis

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