As approved journal of national research foundation of Korea, it publish three times a year.
[2017, 11-2] An Analysis of Factors Affecting Preschool Children's School Readiness
- chief of researchJin-Mi Kim
- researchersSeyoung Hong
- Report No.
- Reg No.
- ISBNISSN 1976-6793
The purpose of this study was to examine factors affecting preschool children's school readiness. Literature review showed that factors influencing school readiness were divided into three categories: children’s personal factors, household factors and institution’s factors. Specifically institution’s factors included the quality of structure and process of institution. The former consists of the type, size and teacher-child ratio of the institution, and the latter consists of class environment, teaching efficacy, and interaction between teacher and children. The results of this study were as follows. First, girls displayed higher school readiness, higher external behavior problem and lower school readiness compared to boys. Second, the quality of institution’s process quality factors such as class environment, teaching efficacy, and interaction between teacher and children exerted significant effect on school readiness of preschool children while the structural quality factors were not statistically significant. Third, the effect of variables differed according to each subcategory of school readiness. In conclusion, this study empirically demonstrated the importance of the process quality of Early Childhood Education and childcare institutions in that teachers’ behavior and beliefs had significant impact on preschool children’s school readiness. Based on these findings, the necessity and strategies for improving the process quality of Early Childhood Education and childcare institutions, and of the teachers who guarantee the quality of institution were discussed.
Key words: Panel Study on Korean Children, school readiness, institution’s structural quality, institution’s process quality