KICCE - Korea Institute of Child Care and Education

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As approved journal of national research foundation of Korea, it publish three times a year.

[2019, 13-1] Exploring variables affecting school adjustment in first grade elementary students: Focused on mother

[2019, 13-1] Exploring variables affecting school adjustment in first grade elementary students: Focused on mother's employment, home environment, and children's executive function difficulty

  • chief of researchYi Yejin
  • researchersJun Eunock
  • pages0pages
  • Report No.
  • Reg No.
  • ISBNISSN 1976-6793
  • Date2019.06.30

Abstract



 The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mother's employment, physical and functional environment of family and executive function difficulty on school adjustment in the first grade. Data from 8th survey in Panel Study on Korean Children(PSKC) conducted by Korea Institute of Child Care and Education(KICCE) were used. For this purpose, a structural equation model was created and examined using AMOS 21.0. The main results were as follows. First, mother's employment did not have direct or indirect effects on their children's school adjustment. Second, the physical environment of family only affected school adjustment indirectly through the executive function difficulty of the children. Third, the functional environment of family had direct or indirect effects on the school adjustment of the children. Fourth, the executive function difficulty of the children had a strong effect on school adjustment. As shown above, home environment factors affect children's school adjustment. Therefore, the study suggests that children in the first grade of elementary school needs support based on various environmental factors for school adjustment.



Key words: Panel Study on Korean Children, school adjustment, mother's employment, home environment, executive function difficulty

Department : Achievement-sharing Team Manager : Song Hee Ju Email : jush@kicce.re.kr